Type 2 diabetes is a metabolic disorder that disrupts the body’s normal glucose and insulin balance. It is generally associated with unhealthy lifestyles and extra body weight, but genetic variations can also increase your risk, regardless of your lifestyle.
Glucose is the primary source of energy used by the cells in our bodies. The levels of this simple sugar are regulated by the hormone insulin, produced by the beta cells of the pancreas. People with type 2 diabetes do not make sufficient amounts of insulin, therefore have consistently high blood sugar levels.